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The Farnese bloodline

The Farnese family was an influential family in Renaissance Italy. Its most important members include Pope Paul III and the Dukes of Parma.

The family trace its origins back to around AD 984 and took their name from one of their oldest feudal possessions - Castrum Farneti. There has been some debate as to the origins of the name Farnesti/Farnese. Some suggest that it derives from the vernacular name for an oak found in the region, the Farnia (Quercus robur), but others have held that the name owes its origins to the Fara, a term of Lombard origin used to denote a particular social group."